replica.py - DirectoryStorage Replication Tool
replica.py [options] [user@]MasterHost:MasterDirectory ReplicaDirectory MasterHost, MasterUser User and host name for ssh to connect to the host that runs the replication master. MasterDirectory Data directory on the replication master. ReplicaDirectory Data directory on the local replica.
-v Make it more verbose. -q Make it less verbose. -d directory The DirectoryStorage source installation directory on the remote machine. This is only needed if different to the installation directory on the local machine.
This tool can be used to safely, efficiently and robustly update a local replica with the differences between a remote master storage and the local replica. Replication is efficient because it uses the normal storage history information to determine which files ned to be copied. Replication is robust because the replication event is atomic, and aligned with transaction boundaries on the master storage. Replication is safe because the tool performs several checks to eliminate the most common replication errors.
There must not be any storage process (ZEO server, etc) using the local replica storage during the replication event. This means that replication is suitable for maintaining a backup or cold standby storage. If you want to have a hot standby, you will need to ensure the the replica storage is shut down before starting the replica, and restarted again after.
This tool will exit with a zero status code if and only if it has operated correctly.
- First get your master DirectoryStorage working as you want it.
- Set up a config/snapshot.conf file on the master. The replication tool needs to force the master storage briefly into snapshot mode.
- This tool uses ssh. Set up ssh such that the user which runs the storage on the replica machine can log in to the user account of the user which runs the storage on the master, with the correct PYTHONPATH environment variable. Setting up ssh is outside the scope of this document.
- Create an initial copy of the storage from the master onto the replica. Note that it doesnt matter if this copy is not current. There is no standard way to do this; just restore a backup, or shutdown the master storage and scp the whole directory.
- As a first test, run the replica.py command on the replica machine, substituting your host and directory names. Within a few seconds it should say "Replica complete". The -v switch may be helpful if there is a problem.
- That command needs to be run regularly to ensure that the replica is kept up to date. cron is a good way to do this. cron normally directs any ouput into an email. If you are replicating every night then this may be what you want, but it would be too much if you are replicating every minute. Adding the -q switch will ensure the replication process is silent unless there is a problem. Note that you will be notified that replication has failed while the master storage is in snapshot made, being packed or backed up.
- You may also need to adjust your strategy for packing the master storage. replica.py uses the normal storage history to determine which files need to be replicated, therefore your packing always needs to keep enough history to cover back to the previous replication event.
- Note that replication requires that the only difference between the two storages is that the master contains some newer transactions that are not present on the replica. If you test your replica by starting a storage process, it is prudent to use read-only mode to ensure that no transactions are written on the replica during that test.